El-Zakzaky Shiites: Anatomy of an insurgency

 El-Zakzaky Shiites: Anatomy of an insurgency

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El-Zakzaky Shiites: Anatomy of an insurgency

By Hayatudeen Sidi 

Nigerians must take advantage of history to have a good grasp of is­sues of national security concerns, such as the escalating threats of insurgency by Ibrahim El-Zakzaky-led Shiite group.

Unfortunately, for political expediency, the members deliberately distorted it into a human rights issue, taking the protective custody of its leader as reason to campaign against the federal government and threat­en the security of lives and property.

The court’s order freeing El-Zakzaky was strictly based on the isolated facts of El-Zakzaky’s arrest and detention during the national security operation of Decem­ber 2015, triggered by the daring blockade and confrontation of the Chief of Army Staff convoy in Zaria by his aggressive followers.

But the remand of El-Zakzaky in pro­tective custody was premised on sober consideration of the grave national secu­rity implications of the alarmingly violent antecedents of the Shiite groups escalat­ing trajectory of insurgency, initially only against mainstream Islam, then a calculat­ed challenge of law enforcement agencies and ultimately taking on the nation’s last line of defence, the Nigerian Army.

Short memories cannot shut out the El-Zakzaky Shiites history of escalating insurgency. It all started when Ibrahim El- Zakzaky, after a mind-blowing visit to Iran at the height of the Khomenei revolution, opted out of an Islamic revivalist students group in ABU, Zaria to become the flag-bearer of the Shia sect, until then virtually unheard of in Nigeria. By that singular self-fulfilling move, El-Zakzaky got sucked into the tumultuous heart of centuries old sectarian antagonism between Sunni and Shia Muslims.

The international dimension has fu­elled several bloody wars and conflicts in the Middle East, reflected today in the unending Syrian war of attrition and the emergence of deadly terrorist militias such as Daesh, Al-Qaeda, and, of course, their local affiliate, Boko Haram. Since then El-Zakzaky has steadily sowed the seeds of isolationism from the mainstream Mus­lim community by breaking away from the hitherto united Muslim Students So­ciety (MSS) at ABU, Zaria and even from other Shia groups not affiliated with Iran’s Khomenei revolution.

A sign of how deep the schism had polarised the Muslim community in its Northern haven was the outbreak of violent clashes between Sunni and Shia as far back as March 11, 2005, as a result of a protest by Shi’a and again in February and May 2006 in the revered Seat of the Caliphate, Sokoto. In August 2007, security forces had to demolish the Sokoto headquarters of the Shia sect, when members were ac­cused of killing a rival Muslim cleric. Such clashes necessitated the intervention of se­curity forces, police and military to restore peace, but the Shiites soon began clashing with them too.

Instructively, the group’s tendency to replicate Shia rites, like the Quds Day and Arbaeen processions, not observed by the larger Muslim community, only increased confrontation. The procession in July 2014 in Zaria sparked the group’s first major clash with the Army. A few days after multiple bomb blasts in Kaduna and amid tense military surveillance operations, sect members approaching a military check-point rebuffed soldiers’ orders to take another route, prompting soldiers to fire warning shots into the air to disperse them.

The Shiites surged forward stubbornly, throwing stones at the soldiers. This was the precursor to the bloodier December 2015 incident in Zaria, where the group’s leader lived with hundreds of his follow­ers, virtually taking over Gyallesu area, to the chagrin of non-Shia community. In the group’s latest daring confrontational stance to the peace and security of the na­tion, members attempted an invasion of the National Assembly, leading to abrupt ad­journment of sittings and random attacks on security forces and innocent citizens that left several policemen injured.

Irate Shiites have now gone berserk, at­tacking innocent people and vandalising their property, even openly insulting and issuing death threats to the President! This is in addition to the group’s long-standing non-recognition of the sovereign govern­ment of Nigeria and an ominous pointer to the direction of the El-Zakzaky Shiites trajectory of terrorist insurgency could be heading if not rapidly and ruthlessly dealt with.

It is also pertinent to highlight the mis­nomer commonly applied in describing the El-Zakzaky Shiites as unarmed civilians. In reality, the sect, which adopts the cal­lous practice of taking women and chil­dren along with them even when confront­ing security forces as a human shield ploy, has escalated its protests from shouting to actually shooting at the forces that are re­strained by rule of engagement.

The Nigerian Army has been detail­ing the increasing weaponisation of Shiite protests in recent times to include shooting stones with catapaults, throwing bottle can­isters filled with fuel, large stones and lob­bing Molotov cocktails. Remarkably, these terrorist trends are similarly squelched by security forces wherever they surface in accordance with international best prac­tices.

US President Donald Trump ratio­nalised it recently: “I’ll tell you this, any­body throwing stones and rocks like they did in Mexico and badly-hurt police and soldiers, we’ll consider that a firearm be­cause there’s not much difference. They want to throw rocks at our military, our military fights back. I told them to consider it a rifle.” On the other hand, the Iranian government, which backs the El-Zakzaky Shiites in Nigeria, regularly harasses op­position groups like the Mojahedin and the Kurds who resist being forced into exile all over Europe just for holding different opin­ions and faiths!

But there is also plenty of well-reasoned Nigerian opposition to the emerging insur­gents called El-Zakzaky Shiites. Comrade Yunusa Yusuf, spokesman of Coalition of Abuja Indigenous Association (CAIA), declared: “We are disturbed by the recent protest by Shiites movement to the Na­tional Assembly which turned violent and left many residents with various degrees of injuries and destruction of property. We are sad because the Shiites group is not the only aggrieved group in this country. We, the Indigenous People of Abuja, are equal­ly aggrieved over so many issues ranging from ministerial slot and deliberate mar­ginalisation of our people, but we conduct ourselves peacefully.”

Certainly, the rights of all Nigerian citi­zens to peaceful co-existence and the re­sponsibility of government to protect the lives and property of its citizens are non-negotiable factors of our national sover­eignty that cannot be compromised under any circumstance. The El-Zakzaky Shiites recognise the Iranian government but not the Nigerian state, yet they base their ag­gressive agitation on the verdict of a Nige­rian court!

Sidi is an Islamic scholar in Tudun Wada, Zaria, Kaduna state

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